Rome

While we were in Rome, we visited the Pantheon from which was a former Roman Temple and is now a church, in Italy. It was commissioned by Agrippa during the reign of Augustus (27 BC – 14 AD). Completed by the emperor Hadrian about 126 AD.

The exquisite building is circular with a portico made of large granite columns with a rectangular vestibule that links the porch to the grand rotunda under the dome with a central opening to the sky. I can see why Michelangelo visited so often. Certainly would be inspirational.

Almost two thousand years after it was built, the Pantheon’s dome is still the world’s largest unreinforced concrete dome.

The height to the rotunda and the diameter of the interior circle are the same, 142 feet (43 m).

It is one of the best-preserved of all Roman ancient buildings because it has been in continuous use throughout its history, and since the 7th century.

The Pantheon has been used as a church dedicated to St. Mary and the Martyrs or in Latin “Sancta Maria ad Martyres” but informally known as “Santa Maria Rotonda”.

The square in front of the Pantheon is called Piazza Della Rotunda.

The Pantheon is Rome’s one of two most popular tourist destinations with over 4.2 million tourists per year, making them the world’s 37th most visited destination.

The Mabinogion

'The Marriage Of King Arthur and Queen Guinevere' by John Henry Frederick Bacon. The Lovers;

‘The Marriage Of King Arthur and Queen Guinevere’ by John Henry Frederick Bacon. The Lovers;

There is a special someone in my life,
Of more than significant importance,
And of influence and becoming,
He is a part of my soul, my purpose for living, for laughter and for loving; he
Surpassing all logic and reasoning when it comes to loving him, like an Arthurian Romance.

The Mabinogion tells of a great king of all the Briton’s and how he was made a Welsh king, named Arthur. But was also Roman Emperor by birth. who married the daughter of a Caernarfon-based chieftain.

The tale begins with Him who is also the emperor of Rome. He falls into a deep sleep after going hunting. He dreams of journeys of rivers, of mountains and valleys. The king dreams he will find her in a great city of Caerdydd, (Cardiff) with a vast castle, of Chepstow and harbor for a huge fleet of ships.

image

He boards the largest ship, which sets sails along the seas and oceans before arriving at Cymru (Wales) wondrous lands. He comes to a castle with a hall covered in gold, silver and precious stones. Seated are two youths playing chess, dressed in jet black satin.

Elsewhere in the hall is a man sitting in an ivory chair, and a maiden of great beauty. The imagemaiden rises from her chair, and the man embraces her. Emperor Macsen Wledig awakes at this point and says to her, “I have found you.

image

Consumed by love for the maiden seen in his dream, Macsen Wledig seeks until he finds the land of the his dream.

The messengers proclaim the maiden empress of Rome. She tells them she will not go with them to Rome; if Macsen Wledig loves her, he must come to her.

And sphere goes to the maiden, named Helen Luyddawc, from his dream.

“Empress of Rome,” he says, “all hail!” And the emperor throws his arms about her neck, and that night she becomes his bride.

The following day she asks for Britain for her father, and three chief castles made for her, the largest in Arvon. The emperor grants this; the other castles are built in Caerleon and Carmarthen.

The emperor remains for seven years, building castles and roads throughout Britain. The length of time spent away from Rome means he is banished from returning, and he loses his high office and without any regret.

The Mabinogion ~ The Welsh romances were similar to the popular French Arthurian romances written by Chrétien de Troyes (fl. 1165-1190). Since these three romances belonged to the mainstream Arthurian literature.
https://archive.org/stream/mabinogionfroml00mabigoog/

mabinogionfroml00mabigoog_djvu.txt