Vivian & Sons was a British metallurgical and chemicals business based at Hafod, in the lower Swansea valley. The firm was founded in 1810, disappearing as a separate entity in 1924. Its chief outputs were ingot and sheet copper, with sulphuric acid and artificial manures as by-products.
By the 1840s, the Hafod Works were the largest of their kind in the world, and their output represented one-quarter of the entire copper trade of the United Kingdom.
During the last decade of John Henry’s life, 1845–1855, his eldest son, Henry Hussey Vivian, managed the Works and took full control of the business on his father’s death.
The combined Hafod and Morfa Works site continued rolling copper until its closure in 1980.
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SC Bird – 1985 – University College of Swansea, Change and industrial redevelopment in the Lower Swansea Valley.
Dealing with dereliction: the redevelopment of the Lower Swansea Valley, RDF Bromley, G Humphrys – 1979 – University College of Swansea.