Llewellyn The Great ~ cont’d Part 4
The title “Tywysog Cymru” translated is Welsh Leader” in welsh tywys means “to lead.” And the most powerful Welsh ruler at any given time was generally known as King of the Britons.
In the 12th century and the 13th century, this title evolved into Prince of Wales in the the final conquest of Wales and it brought the death of its last Tywysog who was Gruffudd, the son Of Llewelyn the Great: But Gruffudd was passed over because he was illegitimate. Then later died when he fell out of the Tower of London while trying to escape.
Only a handful of Welsh princes had their claim to the overlordship of Wales recognised by the English Crown. With Gruffudd locked up, the title was theoretically inherited by Dafydd.
But he was killed during Edward I of England’s invasion of Wales and although his brother Dafydd ap Gruffudd succeeded to the Welsh princeship recognized by the English crown.
Three Welshmen, claimed the title of Prince of Wales after 1283.
The first was Madog ap Llywelyn, a member of the house of Gwynedd, who led a nationwide revolt in 1294-5, defeating English forces, but then His revolt was suppressed after the Battle of Maes Moydog in March 1295, and was imprisoned in London.
In the 1370s, Owain Lawgoch, an English-born descendant of one of Llywelyn ap Gruffudd’s brothers, claimed the title of Prince of Wales, but was assassinated in France in 1378 before he could return to Wales to claim his inheritance.
It is Owain Glyndŵr, however, whom many Welsh people regard as being the last native Prince. On 16 September 1400, he was proclaimed Prince of Wales by his supporters, and held parliaments at Harlech Castle and elsewhere during his revolt, which encompassed all of Wales.