Black Book of Carmarthen II

A dream I happen to see last night;
clever is he that can interpret it.
It shall not be related to the wanton;
he that will not conceal it shall know it not.

It is an act of the gentle to govern the multitude.
Pleasure is not the wealth of a country.
Have I not been under the same covering
with a fair maid of the hue of the billow of the strand?
Labour bestowed on anything good is no pain, and the remembrance of it will last.
Worse is my trouble to answer him who is not acquainted with it.
It is no reparation for an evil deed, a desistence after it is done.
One’s benefit does not appear when it is asked for in a round­about way: thou hadst better keep to what there is.
And associate with the virtuous, and be resolute as to what may happen.
He that frequently commits crime will at last be caught.
He that will not relate a thing fully, will not find himself contradicted.
Riches will not flourish with the wicked. Mass will not be sung on a retreat.
A sigh is no protection against the vile. He that is not liberal does not deserve the name.”


Black Book of Carmarthan
The most famous Welsh manuscript held at The National Library of Wales was written by a poor monk working in a Priory in Carmarthen in the 13th century. This manuscript survived time and The Black Book of Carmarthen is the oldest written collection of poetry in Welsh.

Several of the poems in the manuscript are associated with the mystic Arthur Legend, and Merlin like Ymddiddan Myrddin a Thaliesin, Yr Afallennau and Yr Oianau. Another, which has the title Pa ŵr yw’r Porthor? refers to King Arthur and his companion Cai, and others refer to King Arthur’s knights.

The original collection copied by the monk in the 13th century was far bigger. It is likely that only a portion of that collection survives in The Black Book of Carmarthen.

Meigant, the fou of Gwyndav ab Emyr Llydaw, by Gwenonwy daughter of Meirig ab Tewdrig, king of Siluria, a faint originally of the congregation of Illtyd, afterwards of the congregation of Dyvrig at Caer Llion ar Wyfg, and in his old age he went to Enlli, or Bardfey, B..2 where where he died and was buried, about A. D.-650. He was an -eminent poet; and fome of his compofitions are printed in the Welsh Archaeology.


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