In the Dark Ages, Wales was a land of multiple kingships, the 6th century Wales, geographically in a state of change, could now be said to exist.
There racial differences from the east, where Saxon numbers were small,
but Wales, in its mass was to build, held by the people’s resistance.
It’s when the Welsh name became Cymry, It’s meaning; fellow countrymen.
The rugged terrain, with impenetrable mountain massifs and inhospitable upland ranges.
Broken by river valleys, with boundaries not marked by natural defences.
It was a productive lowland,
And profitable upland pastures were open to frequent attacks.
It was the Castles with high walls, It was how the Welsh were to survive.
They began to built dyke and motes about the fortress’ in the the 8th century.
There was there a definable frontier, and that was designed to deter attacks and control trade across the new border.
Welsh Castles became the most striking man-made boundary in the whole of western medieval Europe.
They clearly came to play an important role in shaping the perception, when the Welsh became Cymry and the
extent and identity of Wales.
Welsh people (Welsh: Cymry) are an ethnic group native to, or otherwise associated with, Wales and the Welsh language.
The names “Wales” and “Welsh” are traced to the Proto-Germanic word “Walhaz” meaning “foreigner”, “stranger”, “Roman”, “Romance-speaker”, or “Celtic-speaker”.